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修改版BBR安装,转载自hostloc @Yankee

转载自 @Yankee 在 502 论坛的帖子,并简单做了个脚本 ~~

 

众所周知,这年头的机器不做一番“优化”,带宽利用率根本竞争不过邻居;

于是机智的 MJJ 都用上了比默认的 cubic/reno 更 aggressive 的 TCP 拥塞控制,而当中又以 BBR 和锐速为代表。

作为 g 粉自然是要选择 BBR 的,毕竟有 google 和整个 linux 社区做后台,长远下去肯定要比闭源又停止支持的锐速走得更远。

那么问题来了:在大中华区特殊的国情下,更顾及公平性的 BBR 比起锐速带宽竞争力还是有些疲软的。能否通过一些小改动,让 BBR 变得更有侵略性呢?

能!

编译时系统必须安装 4.10 以上版本的 kernel 及对应的 linux-header , gcc 版本应在 4.9 以上

以 4.10.9 为例,需先更换内核,再先后安装:
http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.10.9/
linux-headers-4.10.9-041009_4.10.9-041009.201704080516_all.deb
linux-headers-4.10.9-041009-generic_4.10.9-041009.201704080516_amd64.deb

关键参数: bbr_bw_rtts, bbr_min_rtt_win_sec, bbr_probe_rtt_mode_ms, bbr_cwnd_min_target, bbr_drain_gain

关键函数: bbr_pacing_gain

经过一个月的测试,魔改 BBR 比起正常版的 BBR 确实强上不少,最起码以前看 y2b 4k 断断续续的远东 ss 现在能流畅播放了

以上版本的 BBR 不保证普适性,建议自行修改参数测试

91yun 魔改 BBR 一键安装 for Debian 8 & Ubuntu 16.04

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/singhigh/502newbbr/master/502newbbr.sh
chmod +x 502newbbr.sh
./502newbbr.sh

下面是源代码 ~

/* Bottleneck Bandwidth and RTT (BBR) congestion control
 *
 * BBR congestion control computes the sending rate based on the delivery
 * rate (throughput) estimated from ACKs. In a nutshell:
 *
 *   On each ACK, update our model of the network path:
 *      bottleneck_bandwidth = windowed_max(delivered / elapsed, 10 round trips)
 *      min_rtt = windowed_min(rtt, 10 seconds)
 *   pacing_rate = pacing_gain * bottleneck_bandwidth
 *   cwnd = max(cwnd_gain * bottleneck_bandwidth * min_rtt, 4)
 *
 * The core algorithm does not react directly to packet losses or delays,
 * although BBR may adjust the size of next send per ACK when loss is
 * observed, or adjust the sending rate if it estimates there is a
 * traffic policer, in order to keep the drop rate reasonable.
 *
 * BBR is described in detail in:
 *   "BBR: Congestion-Based Congestion Control",
 *   Neal Cardwell, Yuchung Cheng, C. Stephen Gunn, Soheil Hassas Yeganeh,
 *   Van Jacobson. ACM Queue, Vol. 14 No. 5, September-October 2016.
 *
 * There is a public e-mail list for discussing BBR development and testing:
 *   https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/bbr-dev
 *
 * NOTE: BBR *must* be used with the fq qdisc ("man tc-fq") with pacing enabled,
 * since pacing is integral to the BBR design and implementation.
 * BBR without pacing would not function properly, and may incur unnecessary
 * high packet loss rates.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <linux/inet_diag.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/win_minmax.h>

/* Scale factor for rate in pkt/uSec unit to avoid truncation in bandwidth
 * estimation. The rate unit ~= (1500 bytes / 1 usec / 2^24) ~= 715 bps.
 * This handles bandwidths from 0.06pps (715bps) to 256Mpps (3Tbps) in a u32.
 * Since the minimum window is >=4 packets, the lower bound isn't
 * an issue. The upper bound isn't an issue with existing technologies.
 */
#define BW_SCALE 24
#define BW_UNIT (1 << BW_SCALE)

#define BBR_SCALE 8    /* scaling factor for fractions in BBR (e.g. gains) */
#define BBR_UNIT (1 << BBR_SCALE)

/* BBR has the following modes for deciding how fast to send: */
enum bbr_mode {
    BBR_STARTUP,    /* ramp up sending rate rapidly to fill pipe */
    BBR_DRAIN,  /* drain any queue created during startup */
    BBR_PROBE_BW,   /* discover, share bw: pace around estimated bw */
    BBR_PROBE_RTT,  /* cut cwnd to min to probe min_rtt */
};

/* BBR congestion control block */
struct bbr {
    u32 min_rtt_us;         /* min RTT in min_rtt_win_sec window */
//deprecated    u32 rtt_us;
    u32 min_rtt_stamp;          /* timestamp of min_rtt_us */
    u32 probe_rtt_done_stamp;   /* end time for BBR_PROBE_RTT mode */
//deprecated    struct minmax max_rtt;
    struct minmax bw;   /* Max recent delivery rate in pkts/uS << 24 */
    u32 rtt_cnt;        /* count of packet-timed rounds elapsed */
    u32     next_rtt_delivered; /* scb->tx.delivered at end of round */
    struct skb_mstamp cycle_mstamp;  /* time of this cycle phase start */
    u32     mode:3,          /* current bbr_mode in state machine */
        prev_ca_state:3,     /* CA state on previous ACK */
        packet_conservation:1,  /* use packet conservation? */
        restore_cwnd:1,      /* decided to revert cwnd to old value */
        round_start:1,       /* start of packet-timed tx->ack round? */
        tso_segs_goal:7,     /* segments we want in each skb we send */
        idle_restart:1,      /* restarting after idle? */
        probe_rtt_round_done:1,  /* a BBR_PROBE_RTT round at 4 pkts? */
        unused:5,
        lt_is_sampling:1,    /* taking long-term ("LT") samples now? */
        lt_rtt_cnt:7,        /* round trips in long-term interval */
        lt_use_bw:1;         /* use lt_bw as our bw estimate? */
    u32 lt_bw;           /* LT est delivery rate in pkts/uS << 24 */
    u32 lt_last_delivered;   /* LT intvl start: tp->delivered */
    u32 lt_last_stamp;       /* LT intvl start: tp->delivered_mstamp */
    u32 lt_last_lost;        /* LT intvl start: tp->lost */
    u32 pacing_gain:10, /* current gain for setting pacing rate */
        cwnd_gain:10,   /* current gain for setting cwnd */
        full_bw_cnt:3,  /* number of rounds without large bw gains */
        cycle_idx:3,    /* current index in pacing_gain cycle array */
        unused_b:6;
    u32 prior_cwnd; /* prior cwnd upon entering loss recovery */
    u32 full_bw;    /* recent bw, to estimate if pipe is full */
};

#define CYCLE_LEN  8   /* number of phases in a pacing gain cycle */

/* Window length of bw filter (in rounds): */
static const int bbr_bw_rtts = CYCLE_LEN + 7;
/* Window length of min_rtt filter (in sec): */
static const u32 bbr_min_rtt_win_sec = 20;
/* Minimum time (in ms) spent at bbr_cwnd_min_target in BBR_PROBE_RTT mode: */
static const u32 bbr_probe_rtt_mode_ms = 200;
/* Skip TSO below the following bandwidth (bits/sec): */
static const int bbr_min_tso_rate = 1200000;

/* We use a high_gain value of 2/ln(2) because it's the smallest pacing gain
 * that will allow a smoothly increasing pacing rate that will double each RTT
 * and send the same number of packets per RTT that an un-paced, slow-starting
 * Reno or CUBIC flow would:
 */
static const int bbr_high_gain  = BBR_UNIT * 2885 / 1000 + 1;
/* The pacing gain of 1/high_gain in BBR_DRAIN is calculated to typically drain
 * the queue created in BBR_STARTUP in a single round:
 */
static const int bbr_drain_gain = BBR_UNIT * 1200 / 2885;
/* The gain for deriving steady-state cwnd tolerates delayed/stretched ACKs: */
static const int bbr_cwnd_gain  = BBR_UNIT * 2;
/* The pacing_gain values for the PROBE_BW gain cycle, to discover/share bw: */
static const int bbr_pacing_gain[] = {
    BBR_UNIT * 3 / 2,   /* probe for more available bw */
    BBR_UNIT * 3 / 4,   /* drain queue and/or yield bw to other flows */
    BBR_UNIT * 9 / 8, BBR_UNIT * 9 / 8, BBR_UNIT * 9 / 8,   /* cruise at 1.0*bw to utilize pipe, */
    BBR_UNIT * 9 / 8, BBR_UNIT * 9 / 8, BBR_UNIT * 9 / 8    /* without creating excess queue... */
};
/* Randomize the starting gain cycling phase over N phases: */
static const u32 bbr_cycle_rand = 7;

/* Try to keep at least this many packets in flight, if things go smoothly. For
 * smooth functioning, a sliding window protocol ACKing every other packet
 * needs at least 4 packets in flight:
 */
static const u32 bbr_cwnd_min_target = 4;

/* To estimate if BBR_STARTUP mode (i.e. high_gain) has filled pipe... */
/* If bw has increased significantly (1.25x), there may be more bw available: */
static const u32 bbr_full_bw_thresh = BBR_UNIT * 5 / 4;
/* But after 3 rounds w/o significant bw growth, estimate pipe is full: */
static const u32 bbr_full_bw_cnt = 3;

/* "long-term" ("LT") bandwidth estimator parameters... */
/* The minimum number of rounds in an LT bw sampling interval: */
static const u32 bbr_lt_intvl_min_rtts = 4;
/* If lost/delivered ratio > 20%, interval is "lossy" and we may be policed: */
static const u32 bbr_lt_loss_thresh = 50;
/* If 2 intervals have a bw ratio <= 1/8, their bw is "consistent": */
static const u32 bbr_lt_bw_ratio = BBR_UNIT / 8;
/* If 2 intervals have a bw diff <= 4 Kbit/sec their bw is "consistent": */
static const u32 bbr_lt_bw_diff = 4000 / 8;
/* If we estimate we're policed, use lt_bw for this many round trips: */
static const u32 bbr_lt_bw_max_rtts = 48;

/* Do we estimate that STARTUP filled the pipe? */
static bool bbr_full_bw_reached(const struct sock *sk)
{
    const struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    return bbr->full_bw_cnt >= bbr_full_bw_cnt;
}

/* Return the windowed max recent bandwidth sample, in pkts/uS << BW_SCALE. */
static u32 bbr_max_bw(const struct sock *sk)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    return minmax_get(&bbr->bw);
}

/* Return the estimated bandwidth of the path, in pkts/uS << BW_SCALE. */
static u32 bbr_bw(const struct sock *sk)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    return bbr->lt_use_bw ? bbr->lt_bw : bbr_max_bw(sk);
}

/* Return rate in bytes per second, optionally with a gain.
 * The order here is chosen carefully to avoid overflow of u64. This should
 * work for input rates of up to 2.9Tbit/sec and gain of 2.89x.
 */
static u64 bbr_rate_bytes_per_sec(struct sock *sk, u64 rate, int gain)
{
    rate *= tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, tcp_sk(sk)->mss_cache);
    rate *= gain;
    rate >>= BBR_SCALE;
    rate *= USEC_PER_SEC;
    return rate >> BW_SCALE;
}

/* Pace using current bw estimate and a gain factor. In order to help drive the
 * network toward lower queues while maintaining high utilization and low
 * latency, the average pacing rate aims to be slightly (~1%) lower than the
 * estimated bandwidth. This is an important aspect of the design. In this
 * implementation this slightly lower pacing rate is achieved implicitly by not
 * including link-layer headers in the packet size used for the pacing rate.
 */
static void bbr_set_pacing_rate(struct sock *sk, u32 bw, int gain)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u64 rate = bw;

    rate = bbr_rate_bytes_per_sec(sk, rate, gain);
    rate = min_t(u64, rate, sk->sk_max_pacing_rate);
    if (bbr->mode != BBR_STARTUP || rate > sk->sk_pacing_rate)
        sk->sk_pacing_rate = rate;
}

/* Return count of segments we want in the skbs we send, or 0 for default. */
static u32 bbr_tso_segs_goal(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    return bbr->tso_segs_goal;
}

static void bbr_set_tso_segs_goal(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 min_segs;

    min_segs = sk->sk_pacing_rate < (bbr_min_tso_rate >> 3) ? 1 : 2;
    bbr->tso_segs_goal = min(tcp_tso_autosize(sk, tp->mss_cache, min_segs),
                 0x7FU);
}

/* Save "last known good" cwnd so we can restore it after losses or PROBE_RTT */
static void bbr_save_cwnd(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    if (bbr->prev_ca_state < TCP_CA_Recovery && bbr->mode != BBR_PROBE_RTT)
        bbr->prior_cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd;  /* this cwnd is good enough */
    else  /* loss recovery or BBR_PROBE_RTT have temporarily cut cwnd */
        bbr->prior_cwnd = max(bbr->prior_cwnd, tp->snd_cwnd);
}

static void bbr_cwnd_event(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_ca_event event)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    if (event == CA_EVENT_TX_START && tp->app_limited) {
        bbr->idle_restart = 1;
        /* Avoid pointless buffer overflows: pace at est. bw if we don't
         * need more speed (we're restarting from idle and app-limited).
         */
        if (bbr->mode == BBR_PROBE_BW)
            bbr_set_pacing_rate(sk, bbr_bw(sk), BBR_UNIT);
    }
}

/* Find target cwnd. Right-size the cwnd based on min RTT and the
 * estimated bottleneck bandwidth:
 *
 * cwnd = bw * min_rtt * gain = BDP * gain
 *
 * The key factor, gain, controls the amount of queue. While a small gain
 * builds a smaller queue, it becomes more vulnerable to noise in RTT
 * measurements (e.g., delayed ACKs or other ACK compression effects). This
 * noise may cause BBR to under-estimate the rate.
 *
 * To achieve full performance in high-speed paths, we budget enough cwnd to
 * fit full-sized skbs in-flight on both end hosts to fully utilize the path:
 *   - one skb in sending host Qdisc,
 *   - one skb in sending host TSO/GSO engine
 *   - one skb being received by receiver host LRO/GRO/delayed-ACK engine
 * Don't worry, at low rates (bbr_min_tso_rate) this won't bloat cwnd because
 * in such cases tso_segs_goal is 1. The minimum cwnd is 4 packets,
 * which allows 2 outstanding 2-packet sequences, to try to keep pipe
 * full even with ACK-every-other-packet delayed ACKs.
 */
static u32 bbr_target_cwnd(struct sock *sk, u32 bw, int gain)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 cwnd;
    u64 w;

    /* If we've never had a valid RTT sample, cap cwnd at the initial
     * default. This should only happen when the connection is not using TCP
     * timestamps and has retransmitted all of the SYN/SYNACK/data packets
     * ACKed so far. In this case, an RTO can cut cwnd to 1, in which
     * case we need to slow-start up toward something safe: TCP_INIT_CWND.
     */
    if (unlikely(bbr->min_rtt_us == ~0U))     /* no valid RTT samples yet? */
        return TCP_INIT_CWND;  /* be safe: cap at default initial cwnd*/

    w = (u64)bw * bbr->min_rtt_us;

    /* Apply a gain to the given value, then remove the BW_SCALE shift. */
    cwnd = (((w * gain) >> BBR_SCALE) + BW_UNIT - 1) / BW_UNIT;

    /* Allow enough full-sized skbs in flight to utilize end systems. */
    cwnd += 3 * bbr->tso_segs_goal;

    /* Reduce delayed ACKs by rounding up cwnd to the next even number. */
    cwnd = (cwnd + 1) & ~1U;

    return cwnd;
}

/* An optimization in BBR to reduce losses: On the first round of recovery, we
 * follow the packet conservation principle: send P packets per P packets acked.
 * After that, we slow-start and send at most 2*P packets per P packets acked.
 * After recovery finishes, or upon undo, we restore the cwnd we had when
 * recovery started (capped by the target cwnd based on estimated BDP).
 *
 * TODO(ycheng/ncardwell): implement a rate-based approach.
 */
static bool bbr_set_cwnd_to_recover_or_restore(
    struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs, u32 acked, u32 *new_cwnd)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u8 prev_state = bbr->prev_ca_state, state = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state;
    u32 cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd;

    /* An ACK for P pkts should release at most 2*P packets. We do this
     * in two steps. First, here we deduct the number of lost packets.
     * Then, in bbr_set_cwnd() we slow start up toward the target cwnd.
     */
    if (rs->losses > 0)
        cwnd = max_t(s32, cwnd - rs->losses, 1);

    if (state == TCP_CA_Recovery && prev_state != TCP_CA_Recovery) {
        /* Starting 1st round of Recovery, so do packet conservation. */
        bbr->packet_conservation = 1;
        bbr->next_rtt_delivered = tp->delivered;  /* start round now */
        /* Cut unused cwnd from app behavior, TSQ, or TSO deferral: */
        cwnd = tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) + acked;
    } else if (prev_state >= TCP_CA_Recovery && state < TCP_CA_Recovery) {
        /* Exiting loss recovery; restore cwnd saved before recovery. */
        bbr->restore_cwnd = 1;
        bbr->packet_conservation = 0;
    }
    bbr->prev_ca_state = state;

    if (bbr->restore_cwnd) {
        /* Restore cwnd after exiting loss recovery or PROBE_RTT. */
        cwnd = max(cwnd, bbr->prior_cwnd);
        bbr->restore_cwnd = 0;
    }

    if (bbr->packet_conservation) {
        *new_cwnd = max(cwnd, tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) + acked);
        return true;    /* yes, using packet conservation */
    }
    *new_cwnd = cwnd;
    return false;
}

/* Slow-start up toward target cwnd (if bw estimate is growing, or packet loss
 * has drawn us down below target), or snap down to target if we're above it.
 */
static void bbr_set_cwnd(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs,
             u32 acked, u32 bw, int gain)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 cwnd = 0, target_cwnd = 0;

    if (!acked)
        return;

    if (bbr_set_cwnd_to_recover_or_restore(sk, rs, acked, &cwnd))
        goto done;

    /* If we're below target cwnd, slow start cwnd toward target cwnd. */
    target_cwnd = bbr_target_cwnd(sk, bw, gain);
    if (bbr_full_bw_reached(sk))  /* only cut cwnd if we filled the pipe */
        cwnd = min(cwnd + acked, target_cwnd);
    else if (cwnd < target_cwnd || tp->delivered < TCP_INIT_CWND)
        cwnd = cwnd + acked;
    cwnd = max(cwnd, bbr_cwnd_min_target);

done:
    tp->snd_cwnd = min(cwnd, tp->snd_cwnd_clamp); /* apply global cap */
    if (bbr->mode == BBR_PROBE_RTT)  /* drain queue, refresh min_rtt */
        tp->snd_cwnd = max(tp->snd_cwnd >> 1, bbr_cwnd_min_target);
}

/* End cycle phase if it's time and/or we hit the phase's in-flight target. */
static bool bbr_is_next_cycle_phase(struct sock *sk,
                    const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    bool is_full_length =
        skb_mstamp_us_delta(&tp->delivered_mstamp, &bbr->cycle_mstamp) >
        bbr->min_rtt_us;
    u32 inflight, bw;

    /* The pacing_gain of 1.0 paces at the estimated bw to try to fully
     * use the pipe without increasing the queue.
     */
    if (bbr->pacing_gain == BBR_UNIT)
        return is_full_length;      /* just use wall clock time */

    inflight = rs->prior_in_flight;  /* what was in-flight before ACK? */
    bw = bbr_max_bw(sk);

    /* A pacing_gain > 1.0 probes for bw by trying to raise inflight to at
     * least pacing_gain*BDP; this may take more than min_rtt if min_rtt is
     * small (e.g. on a LAN). We do not persist if packets are lost, since
     * a path with small buffers may not hold that much.
     */
    if (bbr->pacing_gain > BBR_UNIT)
        return is_full_length &&
            (rs->losses ||  /* perhaps pacing_gain*BDP won't fit */
             inflight >= bbr_target_cwnd(sk, bw, bbr->pacing_gain));

    /* A pacing_gain < 1.0 tries to drain extra queue we added if bw
     * probing didn't find more bw. If inflight falls to match BDP then we
     * estimate queue is drained; persisting would underutilize the pipe.
     */
    return is_full_length ||
        inflight <= bbr_target_cwnd(sk, bw, BBR_UNIT);
}

static void bbr_advance_cycle_phase(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    bbr->cycle_idx = (bbr->cycle_idx + 1) & (CYCLE_LEN - 1);
    bbr->cycle_mstamp = tp->delivered_mstamp;
    bbr->pacing_gain = bbr_pacing_gain[bbr->cycle_idx];
}

/* Gain cycling: cycle pacing gain to converge to fair share of available bw. */
static void bbr_update_cycle_phase(struct sock *sk,
                   const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    if ((bbr->mode == BBR_PROBE_BW) && !bbr->lt_use_bw &&
        bbr_is_next_cycle_phase(sk, rs))
        bbr_advance_cycle_phase(sk);
}

static void bbr_reset_startup_mode(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    bbr->mode = BBR_STARTUP;
    bbr->pacing_gain = bbr_high_gain;
    bbr->cwnd_gain    = bbr_high_gain;
}

static void bbr_reset_probe_bw_mode(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    bbr->mode = BBR_PROBE_BW;
    bbr->pacing_gain = BBR_UNIT;
    bbr->cwnd_gain = bbr_cwnd_gain;
    bbr->cycle_idx = CYCLE_LEN - 1 - prandom_u32_max(bbr_cycle_rand);
    bbr_advance_cycle_phase(sk);    /* flip to next phase of gain cycle */
}

static void bbr_reset_mode(struct sock *sk)
{
    if (!bbr_full_bw_reached(sk))
        bbr_reset_startup_mode(sk);
    else
        bbr_reset_probe_bw_mode(sk);
}

/* Start a new long-term sampling interval. */
static void bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling_interval(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    bbr->lt_last_stamp = tp->delivered_mstamp.stamp_jiffies;
    bbr->lt_last_delivered = tp->delivered;
    bbr->lt_last_lost = tp->lost;
    bbr->lt_rtt_cnt = 0;
}

/* Completely reset long-term bandwidth sampling. */
static void bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    bbr->lt_bw = 0;
    bbr->lt_use_bw = 0;
    bbr->lt_is_sampling = false;
    bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling_interval(sk);
}

/* Long-term bw sampling interval is done. Estimate whether we're policed. */
static void bbr_lt_bw_interval_done(struct sock *sk, u32 bw)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 diff;

    if (bbr->lt_bw) {  /* do we have bw from a previous interval? */
        /* Is new bw close to the lt_bw from the previous interval? */
        diff = abs(bw - bbr->lt_bw);
        if ((diff * BBR_UNIT <= bbr_lt_bw_ratio * bbr->lt_bw) ||
            (bbr_rate_bytes_per_sec(sk, diff, BBR_UNIT) <=
             bbr_lt_bw_diff)) {
            /* All criteria are met; estimate we're policed. */
            bbr->lt_bw = (bw + bbr->lt_bw) >> 1;  /* avg 2 intvls */
            bbr->lt_use_bw = 1;
            bbr->pacing_gain = BBR_UNIT;  /* try to avoid drops */
            bbr->lt_rtt_cnt = 0;
            return;
        }
    }
    bbr->lt_bw = bw;
    bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling_interval(sk);
}

/* Token-bucket traffic policers are common (see "An Internet-Wide Analysis of
 * Traffic Policing", SIGCOMM 2016). BBR detects token-bucket policers and
 * explicitly models their policed rate, to reduce unnecessary losses. We
 * estimate that we're policed if we see 2 consecutive sampling intervals with
 * consistent throughput and high packet loss. If we think we're being policed,
 * set lt_bw to the "long-term" average delivery rate from those 2 intervals.
 */
static void bbr_lt_bw_sampling(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 lost, delivered;
    u64 bw;
    s32 t;

    if (bbr->lt_use_bw) {    /* already using long-term rate, lt_bw? */
        if (bbr->mode == BBR_PROBE_BW && bbr->round_start &&
            ++bbr->lt_rtt_cnt >= bbr_lt_bw_max_rtts) {
            bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling(sk);    /* stop using lt_bw */
            bbr_reset_probe_bw_mode(sk);  /* restart gain cycling */
        }
        return;
    }

    /* Wait for the first loss before sampling, to let the policer exhaust
     * its tokens and estimate the steady-state rate allowed by the policer.
     * Starting samples earlier includes bursts that over-estimate the bw.
     */
    if (!bbr->lt_is_sampling) {
        if (!rs->losses)
            return;
        bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling_interval(sk);
        bbr->lt_is_sampling = true;
    }

    /* To avoid underestimates, reset sampling if we run out of data. */
    if (rs->is_app_limited) {
        bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling(sk);
        return;
    }

    if (bbr->round_start)
        bbr->lt_rtt_cnt++;   /* count round trips in this interval */
    if (bbr->lt_rtt_cnt < bbr_lt_intvl_min_rtts)
        return;     /* sampling interval needs to be longer */
    if (bbr->lt_rtt_cnt > 4 * bbr_lt_intvl_min_rtts) {
        bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling(sk);  /* interval is too long */
        return;
    }

    /* End sampling interval when a packet is lost, so we estimate the
     * policer tokens were exhausted. Stopping the sampling before the
     * tokens are exhausted under-estimates the policed rate.
     */
    if (!rs->losses)
        return;

    /* Calculate packets lost and delivered in sampling interval. */
    lost = tp->lost - bbr->lt_last_lost;
    delivered = tp->delivered - bbr->lt_last_delivered;
    /* Is loss rate (lost/delivered) >= lt_loss_thresh? If not, wait. */
    if (!delivered || (lost << BBR_SCALE) < bbr_lt_loss_thresh * delivered)
        return;

    /* Find average delivery rate in this sampling interval. */
    t = (s32)(tp->delivered_mstamp.stamp_jiffies - bbr->lt_last_stamp);
    if (t < 1)
        return;     /* interval is less than one jiffy, so wait */
    t = jiffies_to_usecs(t);
    /* Interval long enough for jiffies_to_usecs() to return a bogus 0? */
    if (t < 1) {
        bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling(sk);  /* interval too long; reset */
        return;
    }
    bw = (u64)delivered * BW_UNIT;
    do_div(bw, t);
    bbr_lt_bw_interval_done(sk, bw);
}

/* Estimate the bandwidth based on how fast packets are delivered */
static void bbr_update_bw(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u64 bw;

    bbr->round_start = 0;
    if (rs->delivered < 0 || rs->interval_us <= 0)
        return; /* Not a valid observation */

    /* See if we've reached the next RTT */
    if (!before(rs->prior_delivered, bbr->next_rtt_delivered)) {
        bbr->next_rtt_delivered = tp->delivered;
        bbr->rtt_cnt++;
        bbr->round_start = 1;
        bbr->packet_conservation = 0;
    }

    bbr_lt_bw_sampling(sk, rs);

    /* Divide delivered by the interval to find a (lower bound) bottleneck
     * bandwidth sample. Delivered is in packets and interval_us in uS and
     * ratio will be <<1 for most connections. So delivered is first scaled.
     */
    bw = (u64)rs->delivered * BW_UNIT;
    do_div(bw, rs->interval_us);

    /* If this sample is application-limited, it is likely to have a very
     * low delivered count that represents application behavior rather than
     * the available network rate. Such a sample could drag down estimated
     * bw, causing needless slow-down. Thus, to continue to send at the
     * last measured network rate, we filter out app-limited samples unless
     * they describe the path bw at least as well as our bw model.
     *
     * So the goal during app-limited phase is to proceed with the best
     * network rate no matter how long. We automatically leave this
     * phase when app writes faster than the network can deliver :)
     */
    if (!rs->is_app_limited || bw >= bbr_max_bw(sk)) {
        /* Incorporate new sample into our max bw filter. */
        minmax_running_max(&bbr->bw, bbr_bw_rtts, bbr->rtt_cnt, bw);
    }
}

/* Estimate when the pipe is full, using the change in delivery rate: BBR
 * estimates that STARTUP filled the pipe if the estimated bw hasn't changed by
 * at least bbr_full_bw_thresh (25%) after bbr_full_bw_cnt (3) non-app-limited
 * rounds. Why 3 rounds: 1: rwin autotuning grows the rwin, 2: we fill the
 * higher rwin, 3: we get higher delivery rate samples. Or transient
 * cross-traffic or radio noise can go away. CUBIC Hystart shares a similar
 * design goal, but uses delay and inter-ACK spacing instead of bandwidth.
 */
static void bbr_check_full_bw_reached(struct sock *sk,
                      const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 bw_thresh;

    if (bbr_full_bw_reached(sk) || !bbr->round_start || rs->is_app_limited)
        return;

    bw_thresh = (u64)bbr->full_bw * bbr_full_bw_thresh >> BBR_SCALE;
    if (bbr_max_bw(sk) >= bw_thresh) {
        bbr->full_bw = bbr_max_bw(sk);
        bbr->full_bw_cnt = 0;
        return;
    }
    ++bbr->full_bw_cnt;
}

/* If pipe is probably full, drain the queue and then enter steady-state. */
static void bbr_check_drain(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    if (bbr->mode == BBR_STARTUP && bbr_full_bw_reached(sk)) {
        bbr->mode = BBR_DRAIN;   /* drain queue we created */
        bbr->pacing_gain = bbr_drain_gain;   /* pace slow to drain */
        bbr->cwnd_gain = bbr_high_gain;  /* maintain cwnd */
    }   /* fall through to check if in-flight is already small: */
    if (bbr->mode == BBR_DRAIN &&
        tcp_packets_in_flight(tcp_sk(sk)) <=
        bbr_target_cwnd(sk, bbr_max_bw(sk), BBR_UNIT))
        bbr_reset_probe_bw_mode(sk);  /* we estimate queue is drained */
}

/* The goal of PROBE_RTT mode is to have BBR flows cooperatively and
 * periodically drain the bottleneck queue, to converge to measure the true
 * min_rtt (unloaded propagation delay). This allows the flows to keep queues
 * small (reducing queuing delay and packet loss) and achieve fairness among
 * BBR flows.
 *
 * The min_rtt filter window is 10 seconds. When the min_rtt estimate expires,
 * we enter PROBE_RTT mode and cap the cwnd at bbr_cwnd_min_target=4 packets.
 * After at least bbr_probe_rtt_mode_ms=200ms and at least one packet-timed
 * round trip elapsed with that flight size <= 4, we leave PROBE_RTT mode and
 * re-enter the previous mode. BBR uses 200ms to approximately bound the
 * performance penalty of PROBE_RTT's cwnd capping to roughly 2% (200ms/10s).
 *
 * Note that flows need only pay 2% if they are busy sending over the last 10
 * seconds. Interactive applications (e.g., Web, RPCs, video chunks) often have
 * natural silences or low-rate periods within 10 seconds where the rate is low
 * enough for long enough to drain its queue in the bottleneck. We pick up
 * these min RTT measurements opportunistically with our min_rtt filter. :-)
 */
static void bbr_update_min_rtt(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
//deprecated    u32 rtt_prior = 0;
    bool filter_expired;

    /* Track min RTT seen in the min_rtt_win_sec filter window: */
    filter_expired = after(tcp_time_stamp,
                   bbr->min_rtt_stamp + bbr_min_rtt_win_sec * HZ);
    if (rs->rtt_us >= 0 &&
        (rs->rtt_us <= bbr->min_rtt_us || filter_expired)) {
        bbr->min_rtt_us = rs->rtt_us;
        bbr->min_rtt_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;
//deprecated        bbr->rtt_us = rs->rtt_us;
    }
//deprecated    bbr->rtt_us = rs->rtt_us;
//deprecated    rtt_prior = minmax_get(&bbr->max_rtt);
//deprecated    bbr->rtt_us = min(bbr->rtt_us, rtt_prior);
  
//deprecated    minmax_running_max(&bbr->max_rtt, bbr_bw_rtts, bbr->rtt_cnt, rs->rtt_us);

    if (bbr_probe_rtt_mode_ms > 0 && filter_expired &&
        !bbr->idle_restart && bbr->mode != BBR_PROBE_RTT) {
        bbr->mode = BBR_PROBE_RTT;  /* dip, drain queue */
        bbr->pacing_gain = BBR_UNIT;
        bbr->cwnd_gain = BBR_UNIT;
        bbr_save_cwnd(sk);  /* note cwnd so we can restore it */
        bbr->probe_rtt_done_stamp = 0;
    }

    if (bbr->mode == BBR_PROBE_RTT) {
        /* Ignore low rate samples during this mode. */
        tp->app_limited =
            (tp->delivered + tcp_packets_in_flight(tp)) ? : 1;
        /* Maintain min packets in flight for max(200 ms, 1 round). */
        if (!bbr->probe_rtt_done_stamp &&
            tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) <= bbr_cwnd_min_target) {
            bbr->probe_rtt_done_stamp = tcp_time_stamp +
                msecs_to_jiffies(bbr_probe_rtt_mode_ms >> 1);
            bbr->probe_rtt_round_done = 0;
            bbr->next_rtt_delivered = tp->delivered;
        } else if (bbr->probe_rtt_done_stamp) {
            if (bbr->round_start)
                bbr->probe_rtt_round_done = 1;
            if (bbr->probe_rtt_round_done &&
                after(tcp_time_stamp, bbr->probe_rtt_done_stamp)) {
                bbr->min_rtt_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;
                bbr->restore_cwnd = 1;  /* snap to prior_cwnd */
                bbr_reset_mode(sk);
            }
        }
    }
    bbr->idle_restart = 0;
}

static void bbr_update_model(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    bbr_update_bw(sk, rs);
    bbr_update_cycle_phase(sk, rs);
    bbr_check_full_bw_reached(sk, rs);
    bbr_check_drain(sk, rs);
    bbr_update_min_rtt(sk, rs);
}

static void bbr_main(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u32 bw;

    bbr_update_model(sk, rs);

    bw = bbr_bw(sk);
    bbr_set_pacing_rate(sk, bw, bbr->pacing_gain);
    bbr_set_tso_segs_goal(sk);
    bbr_set_cwnd(sk, rs, rs->acked_sacked, bw, bbr->cwnd_gain);
}

static void bbr_init(struct sock *sk)
{
    struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
    u64 bw;

    bbr->prior_cwnd = 0;
    bbr->tso_segs_goal = 0;   /* default segs per skb until first ACK */
    bbr->rtt_cnt = 0;
    bbr->next_rtt_delivered = 0;
    bbr->prev_ca_state = TCP_CA_Open;
    bbr->packet_conservation = 0;

    bbr->probe_rtt_done_stamp = 0;
    bbr->probe_rtt_round_done = 0;
    bbr->min_rtt_us = tcp_min_rtt(tp);
    bbr->min_rtt_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;

    minmax_reset(&bbr->bw, bbr->rtt_cnt, 0);  /* init max bw to 0 */

    /* Initialize pacing rate to: high_gain * init_cwnd / RTT. */
    bw = (u64)tp->snd_cwnd * BW_UNIT;
    do_div(bw, (tp->srtt_us >> 3) ? : USEC_PER_MSEC);
    sk->sk_pacing_rate = 0;      /* force an update of sk_pacing_rate */
    bbr_set_pacing_rate(sk, bw, bbr_high_gain);

    bbr->restore_cwnd = 0;
    bbr->round_start = 0;
    bbr->idle_restart = 0;
    bbr->full_bw = 0;
    bbr->full_bw_cnt = 0;
    bbr->cycle_mstamp.v64 = 0;
    bbr->cycle_idx = 0;
    bbr_reset_lt_bw_sampling(sk);
    bbr_reset_startup_mode(sk);
}

static u32 bbr_sndbuf_expand(struct sock *sk)
{
    /* Provision 3 * cwnd since BBR may slow-start even during recovery. */
    return 3;
}

/* In theory BBR does not need to undo the cwnd since it does not
 * always reduce cwnd on losses (see bbr_main()). Keep it for now.
 */
static u32 bbr_undo_cwnd(struct sock *sk)
{
    return tcp_sk(sk)->snd_cwnd;
}

/* Entering loss recovery, so save cwnd for when we exit or undo recovery. */
static u32 bbr_ssthresh(struct sock *sk)
{
    bbr_save_cwnd(sk);
    return TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH;    /* BBR does not use ssthresh */
}

static size_t bbr_get_info(struct sock *sk, u32 ext, int *attr,
               union tcp_cc_info *info)
{
    if (ext & (1 << (INET_DIAG_BBRINFO - 1)) ||
        ext & (1 << (INET_DIAG_VEGASINFO - 1))) {
        struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
        struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);
        u64 bw = bbr_bw(sk);

        bw = bw * tp->mss_cache * USEC_PER_SEC >> BW_SCALE;
        memset(&info->bbr, 0, sizeof(info->bbr));
        info->bbr.bbr_bw_lo      = (u32)bw;
        info->bbr.bbr_bw_hi      = (u32)(bw >> 32);
        info->bbr.bbr_min_rtt        = bbr->min_rtt_us;
        info->bbr.bbr_pacing_gain    = bbr->pacing_gain;
        info->bbr.bbr_cwnd_gain      = bbr->cwnd_gain;
        *attr = INET_DIAG_BBRINFO;
        return sizeof(info->bbr);
    }
    return 0;
}

static void bbr_set_state(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state)
{
    struct bbr *bbr = inet_csk_ca(sk);

    if (new_state == TCP_CA_Loss) {
        struct rate_sample rs = { .losses = 1 };

        bbr->prev_ca_state = TCP_CA_Loss;
        bbr->full_bw = 0;
        bbr->round_start = 1;    /* treat RTO like end of a round */
        bbr_lt_bw_sampling(sk, &rs);
    }
}

static struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_bbr_cong_ops __read_mostly = {
    .flags      = TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED,
    .name       = "tsunami",
    .owner      = THIS_MODULE,
    .init       = bbr_init,
    .cong_control   = bbr_main,
    .sndbuf_expand  = bbr_sndbuf_expand,
    .undo_cwnd  = bbr_undo_cwnd,
    .cwnd_event = bbr_cwnd_event,
    .ssthresh   = bbr_ssthresh,
    .tso_segs_goal  = bbr_tso_segs_goal,
    .get_info   = bbr_get_info,
    .set_state  = bbr_set_state,
};

static int __init bbr_register(void)
{
    BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct bbr) > ICSK_CA_PRIV_SIZE);
    return tcp_register_congestion_control(&tcp_bbr_cong_ops);
}

static void __exit bbr_unregister(void)
{
    tcp_unregister_congestion_control(&tcp_bbr_cong_ops);
}

module_init(bbr_register);
module_exit(bbr_unregister);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Van Jacobson <[email protected]>");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Neal Cardwell <[email protected]>");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Yuchung Cheng <[email protected]>");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Soheil Hassas Yeganeh <[email protected]>");
MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TCP BBR (Bottleneck Bandwidth and RTT)");

 

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未经允许不得转载:91云(91yun.co) » 修改版BBR安装,转载自hostloc @Yankee

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  1. #0

    make: *** /lib/modules/3.16.0-4-amd64/build: No such file or directory. Stop.
    insmod: ERROR: could not load module tcp_tsunami.ko: No such file or directory
    sysctl: setting key “net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control”: No such file or directory
    net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = tsunami
    请问这是安装成功了吗?

    xxc3年前 (2018-01-04)回复
  2. #0

    make: *** /lib/modules/3.16.0-4-amd64/build: No such file or directory. Stop.
    insmod: ERROR: could not load module tcp_tsunami.ko: No such file or directory
    sysctl: setting key “net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control”: No such file or directory
    net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = tsunami
    …..

    xxs3年前 (2017-07-01)回复
  3. #0

    经过2小时折腾终于在cac的机器上装好了,ubuntu14.04,内核4.10.13。装完之后ss测试效果一般。感觉速度段的次数增多了,但连接速度和连续性好像比之前好些,1080p稍微加载一会儿在播放就能流畅,感觉还是和我另一台cac上的锐速还有较大差距~(修改版bbr测速3M,youtube Connection Speed 1900左右,连接稳定,锐速测速5M,youtube Connection Speed 3400左右, 连接较为稳定)

    lewisxy3年前 (2017-06-30)回复
  4. #0

    坐等大佬出一个centos7的脚本或教程

    hfck3年前 (2017-06-30)回复
  5. #0

    有支持centos的吗?

    WZTBQ3年前 (2017-06-26)回复
  6. #0

    大佬的UML 能装这个不?

    kkdkd3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  7. #0

    現在BBR能去到銳速的境界了?

    2ryan3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  8. #0

    centos可以装吗

    chx8183年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  9. #0

    VPS重启后,是不是没有起作用,要重新装
    因为lsmod|grep tsunami找不到了,

    jack338c3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  10. #0

    可以应用到lkl+bbr吗

    m3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  11. #0

    几时出一个Centos7的

    wbx3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  12. #0

    写了个 Ubuntu 14 和 Debian 7 安装的简易教程。。。按照步骤操作好,即可用这个一键脚本
    http://www.hostloc.com/thread-372335-1-1.html

    drcai3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  13. #0

    ./502newbbr.sh: line 5: make: command not found
    insmod: ERROR: could not load module tcp_tsunami.ko: No such file or directory
    sysctl: setting key “net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control”: No such file or directory
    net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = tsunami
    装不上求解?
    内核升级到 4.11
    linux-headers 也安装了
    怎解决?

    随风3年前 (2017-06-25)回复
  14. #0

    BBR支持ipv6吗?

    老右3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  15. #0

    用lsmod|grep tsunami发现已经加载了,net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = tsunami也设置了,但似乎没有加速效果,只有100多K的速度。换回锐速和google的BBR能看1080P。是我哪里弄错了吗?

    Feifei3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  16. #0

    问题是会被封吗…

    hididi3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  17. #0

    效果确实不错

    bundy3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  18. #0

    请问需要要手动在 /etc/sysctl.conf添加
    net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = tsunami
    还是不用添加用BBR设置呢?

    triaqu3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  19. #0

    装完了 貌似效果不错

    Zazen3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  20. #0

    问题来了,怎么修改?

    kurokitomoko3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  21. #0

    这个和之前提到bbr2的BBR修改版有区别吗?会不会被virmach等封掉?

    obaka263年前 (2017-06-24)回复
  22. #0

    make: *** /lib/modules/4.12.0-041200rc5-generic/build: No such file or directory. Stop.
    insmod: ERROR: could not load module tcp_tsunami.ko: No such file or directory
    sysctl: setting key “net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control”: No such file or directory

    大佬装完这样显示正常么 16.04 UBUNTU -3-

    drcai3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
    • 输入lsmod看看.

      滑稽3年前 (2017-06-24)回复
      • 找到问题了 。。自己没认真看文章 。。HEADERS 没装 – -只装了 IMAGE -3-….
        测试下来没问题 。。。

        drcai3年前 (2017-06-24)回复